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Figure 1


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Schematic illustration of therapeutic MBs and NBs for different biomedical applications. Therapeutic MBs and NBs can be classified into two major types: (i) bio-active gases (O2, NO, Xe, H2, etc.) based MBs and NBs; (ii) bio-inactive gases (N2, SF6, PTC, etc.) based MBs and NBs. Functional substrate such as sensitizer, drug, targeting agent and gene are introduced on the MBs and NBs for enhanced PTT, SDT, PDT, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and gene therapy.

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