Natl Sci Open
Volume 2, Number 5, 2023
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||03 August 2023|
Advances of therapeutic microbubbles and nanobubbles
State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2 Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
3 School of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China
4 Medical School, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Revised: 15 January 2023
Accepted: 29 January 2023
As versatile nanotools, microbubbles (MBs) and nanobubbles (NBs) have gained increasing attention because of their great potentials for therapeutic applications. The filled gases can greatly influence the physical properties of the MBs and NBs, such as size, zeta potential, and stability. Importantly, the biological activity of the filled gases plays a key role in the therapeutic effect of MBs and NBs. In this review, we will introduce the background, classification, and design strategies of therapeutic MBs and NBs based on bio-active and bio-inactive gases. Furthermore, focus will be placed on the biomedical applications in cancer treatments, including drug delivery, targeting effect and combinations of different therapeutic modalities. Finally, we will discuss the remaining challenges and future perspectives of therapeutic MBs and NBs.
Key words: microbubbles / nanobubbles / gas / cancer treatment / ultrasound
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Science Press and EDP Sciences.
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